Species At Risk

Action We’re Taking

What we’re doing to help

Ontario is home to over 30,000 species and about 200 of them are at risk. We can all play an important role in protecting and recovering species at risk and their habitats. Working together, government, conservation groups, land owners, industry, resource users, municipalities, farmers, organizations can reverse the rate of species decline in Ontario.

The Ministry of Natural Resources’ role is to develop and support immediate and long-term strategies to protect and recover species at risk.


How species are deemed at risk

An independent body assesses and classifies species at risk based on the best available scientific information. Learn more


Species recovery: How the process works

Once a species is listed as endangered or threatened, the Endangered Species Act requires that the government obtain advice on the protection and recovery of the species, and then respond to that advice. This means developing recovery strategies and government response statements. Learn more


Species and habitat protection: How the process works

Protecting species and their habitats help them survive and thrive. Once a species is listed as endangered or threatened in Ontario, the species and it's habitat automatically receive protection. Learn more


Species scheduled to be reviewed by COSSARO are listed below.

Taxonomic Group Common name Scientific Name Current SARO List
Taxonomic Group Common name Scientific Name Current SARO List
January 22nd and 23rd, 2013, Toronto, ON (Location TBC)
Amphibians Eastern Tiger Salamander Ambystoma tigrinum espèce disparue
Oiseaux Bank Swallow Riparia riparia N/A
Oiseaux Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens N/A
Oiseaux Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina N/A
Poissonses American Eel Anguilla rostrata espèce en voie de disparition
Poissonses Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus espèce préoccupante
Insectes Mottled Duskywing Erynnis martialis N/A
Mammifères American Badger Taxidea taxus espèce en voie de disparition
Reptiles Eastern Musk Turtle Sternotherus odoratus espèce menacée
Reptiles Eastern Ribbonsnake Thamnophis sauritus espèce préoccupante
Reptiles Massasauga Sistrurus catenatus espèce menacée
Reptiles Northern Map Turtle Graptemys geographica espèce préoccupante
Vascular Plantes American Ginseng Panax quinquefolius espèce en voie de disparition
Vascular Plantes Crooked-stem Aster Symphyotrichum prenanthoides espèce menacée
Summer 2013
Oiseaux Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus espèce en voie de disparition
Oiseaux Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus espèce en voie de disparition
Oiseaux Piping Plover Charadrius melodus espèce en voie de disparition
Poissonses Channel Darter Percina copelandi espèce menacée
Poissonses Cutlip Minnow Exoglossum maxillinqua espèce menacée
Poissonses Pugnose Shiner Notropis anogenus espèce en voie de disparition
Insectes Ashton Cuckoo Bumble Bee Bombus ashtoni N/A
Insectes Hop-tree Borer Yponomeuta atomocella N/A
Insectes Riverine Clubtail Stylurus amnicola N/A
Mammifères Eastern Wolf Canis lupus lycaon espèce préoccupante
Moules Kidneyshell Ptychobranchus fasciolaris espèce en voie de disparition
Moules Lilliput Toxolasma parvum N/A
Moules Round Hickorynut Obovaria subrotunda espèce en voie de disparition
Moules Threehorn Wartyback Obliquaria reflexa N/A
Reptiles Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera espèce menacée
Vascular Plantes Red Mulberry Morus rubra espèce en voie de disparition
Vascular Plantes Slender Bush-clover Lespedeza virginica espèce en voie de disparition
Vascular Plantes Toothcup Rotala ramosior espèce en voie de disparition
Winter 2013
Reptiles Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina N/A
Reptiles Milksnake Lampropeltis triangulum espèce préoccupante
Vascular Plantes Blue Ash Fraxinus quadrangulata espèce préoccupante
Vascular Plantes Small White Lady’s-slipper Cypripedium candidum espèce en voie de disparition
Summer 2014
Mammifères Woodland Caribou (Forest-dwelling boreal population) Rangifer tarandus caribou espèce menacée
Assessment Date to be Determined
Oiseaux Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus N/A
Insectes A Bee Fly Toxophora amphitea N/A
Insectes Bog Elfin Callophurys lanoraieensis N/A
Insectes Giant Lacewing Polystoechotes punctatus N/A
Insectes Lake Huron Locust Trimerotropis huroniana N/A
Insectes Walsh's Locust Melanoplus walshii N/A
Vascular Plantes False Northwestern Moonwort Botrychium pseudopinnatum N/A

Table subject to change and will be updated as new information becomes available.

The Environmental Registry contains public notices about environmental matters being proposed by all government ministries covered by the Environmental Bill of Rights. The Registry allows you to participate in decisions that affect the environment.

The following Environmental Registry notices are related to Species at Risk policies:

Finalized Recovery Strategies and Initiating Development of Government Response Statements

On May 31, 2013, final recovery strategies were completed for eleven species: Bobolink and Eastern Meadowlark, Butternut, Common Hoptree, Cutlip Minnow, Dwarf Hackberry, Eastern Sand Darter, Hill's Thistle, Lakeside Daisy, Piping Plover and Pitcher's Thistle. The public and Aboriginal communities are invited to review these recovery strategies, and submit comments on the goals and actions that the Government of Ontario should consider committing to in the government response statements. Comments should be submitted through the policy proposal notice posted on Ontario's Environmental Registry (Registry Number 011-XXXX).

Final Government Response Statements

On May 31, 2013, government response statements were completed for six species: American Chestnut, Drooping Trillium, Heart-leaved Plantain, Lake Chubsucker, Large Whorled Pogonia, and Prothonotary Warbler. The government response statements summarize the Government of Ontario's intended actions and priorities in relation to the species' recovery strategies that were published June 15, 2012. Environmental Registry - Registry Number 011-6528.

Draft Habitat Regulations

The public is invited to review and comment on draft habitat regulations for the following six species: Bogbean Buckmoth, Four-leaved Milkweed, Fowler's Toad, Laura's Clubtail, Queensnake and Rusty-patched Bumble Bee and on a proposed habitat regulation amendment for Pale-bellied Frost Lichen. Comments should be submitted through the regulation proposal notice posted on Ontario's Environmental Registry (Registry Number 011-9021).

There are no special notices at this time.

Results from past COSSARO meetings: Status Reports and Evaluations
Species to be reviewed at future COSSARO meetings
Learn how to attend future COSSARO meetings
All currently listed species at risk


Blanding turtle

Endangered Species Act

Learn the basics


Permits and other authorizations

The Endangered Species Act offers flexibility tools that try to balance species protection and human activity.

Mobile phone

Contact your local ministry office

Often the best source of local information on species at risk is your nearest ministry office. Call with your questions or concerns.