Species At Risk

Land Owners and Farmers

Land owners and farmers are great stewards of the land who recognize and appreciate the value of biodiversity in Ontario. Working the land day in and day out, land owners and farmers demonstrate their appreciation for Ontario’s biodiversity by preserving the land today so that future generations can benefit tomorrow. A big part of continuing this tradition of good stewardship is knowing what steps to take when a protected species is found on your property.


From best management practices to conservation efforts, there’s a lot you can do to help protected species. The act isn’t aimed at getting in the way of the work you do, but to support the protection and recovery of species at risk including the positive contributions you can make to Ontario’s wildlife.

How the act works for you

The ministry can help you understand how the act applies to your land, and how to make it work best for you. We can help guide you in your planning process with facts and photos of species at risk, information about incentive programs and examples of how others have successfully worked with protected species on their land.

Success for Ontario farm families

Farmers in Ontario know what it’s like to work alongside species at risk and many are doing great work on their land. Their pledge to protect Ontario’s wildlife inspires and encourages other land owners and farmers to take action to protect species at risk too.

Success Stories: Living with Species at Risk

Eastern Foxsnake

Butternut Tree and Woodlot Management

American Badger

I like having something unique happening on property that I'm working. Volunteer assistance from local naturalist groups has gone a long way in making improvements that benefit both shrike and pasturing cattle. We need more of that kind of cooperation.
Don Yeomans, Ontario Cattle Farmer

Other Species of Interest

What’s at risk in my area?

What species at risk are in your area and how do they affect you?

Figuring out if you need an authorization, like a permit or an agreement, starts with identifying which protected species are in your area.

Encouraging stewardship first

As stewards of the land, land owners and farmers have the power to help save over 200 species at risk in Ontario from disappearing forever. The Endangered Species Act offers a balanced stewardship approach that enables land owners and farmers to work together towards this goal while supporting their ability to keep working off the land. Find out more about what stewardship can mean for your land activities.

Farm incentive program

Farm incentive program

Adapting your operation to help protected species? Find out about our incentive programs.

Conservation land tax incentive program

Conservation land tax incentive program

Want a reason to help protected species? The government recognizes stewardship efforts with tax relief.

All About Authorizations

Permit tracker tool ESA Permit Tracker

Use this tool to find out the status of permit and agreement applications and issued permits and agreements.

Permits and other authorizations Permits and other authorizations

Some activities that affect species at risk or their habitats may require a specific type of permit or other forms of authorization.

How do I get a permit? How do I get a permit?

Find out what steps you need to take in order to get the permit you need.


Species scheduled to be reviewed by COSSARO are listed below.

Taxonomic Group Common name Scientific Name Current SARO List
Taxonomic Group Common name Scientific Name Current SARO List
January 22nd and 23rd, 2013, Toronto, ON (Location TBC)
Amphibians Eastern Tiger Salamander Ambystoma tigrinum espèce disparue
Oiseaux Bank Swallow Riparia riparia N/A
Oiseaux Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens N/A
Oiseaux Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina N/A
Poissonses American Eel Anguilla rostrata espèce en voie de disparition
Poissonses Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus espèce préoccupante
Insectes Mottled Duskywing Erynnis martialis N/A
Mammifères American Badger Taxidea taxus espèce en voie de disparition
Reptiles Eastern Musk Turtle Sternotherus odoratus espèce menacée
Reptiles Eastern Ribbonsnake Thamnophis sauritus espèce préoccupante
Reptiles Massasauga Sistrurus catenatus espèce menacée
Reptiles Northern Map Turtle Graptemys geographica espèce préoccupante
Vascular Plantes American Ginseng Panax quinquefolius espèce en voie de disparition
Vascular Plantes Crooked-stem Aster Symphyotrichum prenanthoides espèce menacée
Summer 2013
Oiseaux Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus espèce en voie de disparition
Oiseaux Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus espèce en voie de disparition
Oiseaux Piping Plover Charadrius melodus espèce en voie de disparition
Poissonses Channel Darter Percina copelandi espèce menacée
Poissonses Cutlip Minnow Exoglossum maxillinqua espèce menacée
Poissonses Pugnose Shiner Notropis anogenus espèce en voie de disparition
Insectes Ashton Cuckoo Bumble Bee Bombus ashtoni N/A
Insectes Hop-tree Borer Yponomeuta atomocella N/A
Insectes Riverine Clubtail Stylurus amnicola N/A
Mammifères Eastern Wolf Canis lupus lycaon espèce préoccupante
Moules Kidneyshell Ptychobranchus fasciolaris espèce en voie de disparition
Moules Lilliput Toxolasma parvum N/A
Moules Round Hickorynut Obovaria subrotunda espèce en voie de disparition
Moules Threehorn Wartyback Obliquaria reflexa N/A
Reptiles Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera espèce menacée
Vascular Plantes Red Mulberry Morus rubra espèce en voie de disparition
Vascular Plantes Slender Bush-clover Lespedeza virginica espèce en voie de disparition
Vascular Plantes Toothcup Rotala ramosior espèce en voie de disparition
Winter 2013
Reptiles Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina N/A
Reptiles Milksnake Lampropeltis triangulum espèce préoccupante
Vascular Plantes Blue Ash Fraxinus quadrangulata espèce préoccupante
Vascular Plantes Small White Lady’s-slipper Cypripedium candidum espèce en voie de disparition
Summer 2014
Mammifères Woodland Caribou (Forest-dwelling boreal population) Rangifer tarandus caribou espèce menacée
Assessment Date to be Determined
Oiseaux Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus N/A
Insectes A Bee Fly Toxophora amphitea N/A
Insectes Bog Elfin Callophurys lanoraieensis N/A
Insectes Giant Lacewing Polystoechotes punctatus N/A
Insectes Lake Huron Locust Trimerotropis huroniana N/A
Insectes Walsh's Locust Melanoplus walshii N/A
Vascular Plantes False Northwestern Moonwort Botrychium pseudopinnatum N/A

Table subject to change and will be updated as new information becomes available.

The Environmental Registry contains public notices about environmental matters being proposed by all government ministries covered by the Environmental Bill of Rights. The Registry allows you to participate in decisions that affect the environment.

The following Environmental Registry notices are related to Species at Risk policies:

Finalized Recovery Strategies and Initiating Development of Government Response Statements

On May 31, 2013, final recovery strategies were completed for eleven species: Bobolink and Eastern Meadowlark, Butternut, Common Hoptree, Cutlip Minnow, Dwarf Hackberry, Eastern Sand Darter, Hill's Thistle, Lakeside Daisy, Piping Plover and Pitcher's Thistle. The public and Aboriginal communities are invited to review these recovery strategies, and submit comments on the goals and actions that the Government of Ontario should consider committing to in the government response statements. Comments should be submitted through the policy proposal notice posted on Ontario's Environmental Registry (Registry Number 011-XXXX).

Final Government Response Statements

On May 31, 2013, government response statements were completed for six species: American Chestnut, Drooping Trillium, Heart-leaved Plantain, Lake Chubsucker, Large Whorled Pogonia, and Prothonotary Warbler. The government response statements summarize the Government of Ontario's intended actions and priorities in relation to the species' recovery strategies that were published June 15, 2012. Environmental Registry - Registry Number 011-6528.

Draft Habitat Regulations

The public is invited to review and comment on draft habitat regulations for the following six species: Bogbean Buckmoth, Four-leaved Milkweed, Fowler's Toad, Laura's Clubtail, Queensnake and Rusty-patched Bumble Bee and on a proposed habitat regulation amendment for Pale-bellied Frost Lichen. Comments should be submitted through the regulation proposal notice posted on Ontario's Environmental Registry (Registry Number 011-9021).

There are no special notices at this time.

Results from past COSSARO meetings: Status Reports and Evaluations
Species to be reviewed at future COSSARO meetings
Learn how to attend future COSSARO meetings
All currently listed species at risk

Get involved

The Endangered Species Act

Contact your local ministry office

Often the best source of local information on species at risk is your nearest ministry office. Call with your questions or concerns.